P1 - B5


  • Recognise and play with reasonably secure intonation

Ask learners to sing, then play, simple familiar tunes by ear/from memory. Encourage them to check intonation against open strings/harmonics.

Internalising the sound is essential. Some teachers like to use sol-fa to do this.


  • copycat games, i.e. ask learners to copy notes or short phrases played by the teacher
  • call-and-response games, i.e. answer a short phrase with a different one

Use an accompaniment to provide a tonal point of reference.

Hearing notes within a harmonic context helps learners to develop better intonation.

Build up chords, each learner playing one note.

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