P4 - C1

Improvise with freedom in a wide range of musical structures genres, styles and traditions, drawing on internalised sounds

Ask learners to improvise melodies above predetermined harmonic patterns, using conventions and techniques within the chosen style, e.g. melodies in Dorian mode with added chromatic notes above a chord sequence of seventh chords.

A chord sequence of Dm7/Am7/Gm7/Am7 provides a suitable accompaniment. The Dorian mode with chromatic notes would be D E F G G# A B C C# D.

Ask learners to improvise short melodies using a variety of scales, e.g. major, minor, pentatonic, whole-tone, blues, chromatic.

Focus on developing an awareness of style by relating the particular scale or mode to repertoire being studied.

Ask learners to improvise with others by embellishing a melody, e.g. the pentatonic Raga Bhupali.

Raga Bhupali

Research less-familiar musics from around the world and make links with curriculum music where appropriate.

Help learners to develop confidence by improvising frequently, doing a little at a time.

Make recordings of improvisations and discuss the outcomes with learners.

The best improvisations have a coherent, well-phrased, vocal quality. Singing the ideas before trying to play them provides learners with an internal template. This allows their improvisations to be head-led not finger-led and will help prevent them from getting musically ‘stuck’.

It is vital to check the policy of the school or other organisation you are working in with regards to any form of recording. Children must never be videoed without parental consent and all policies regarding use and storage of recordings must be adhered to.