Using notation, ask learners to work out in their heads the sound of phrases, then compare with the actual sound when played.
Using notation, ask learners to describe the overall character of pieces, referring to style, structure, phrasing, dynamic range, texture, etc. Suggest how they affect the mood of the music.
Ask learners to clap/hum/sing/say at sight appropriate phrases from pieces to be learnt.
Using notation, perform extracts with deliberate deviations in rhythm, articulation, phrasing, dynamics, etc. inserted. Ask learners to point out the mistakes.
Music from all parts of the world is appropriate for these activities.
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