P3 - D1

Work out by ear how to play tunes or accompaniments in straightforward keys or modes

Play learners melodies based on the first six notes of the scale, or on the lower leading note and first five notes of the scale. Explain how simple versions of the primary chords can be used to provide a harmonic backing.

Using I, IVc and V7b involves minimal changes of hand position, and allows for simple harmonisations with satisfactory voice leading.

Ask learners to work out by ear familiar tunes that are more challenging, e.g. longer, larger range, perhaps including some chromatic notes.

Encourage some use of harmonic backing where possible.

Playing by ear, introduce learners to different modes, scales, blues patterns, etc. Ask them to experiment with various starting notes and to work out the key, structure, etc.

Sustain opportunities for playing by ear – it brings together many skills.