Choosing appropriate starting notes, play short, simple tunes with a limited range of notes, e.g. television jingles, folk-tunes, nursery rhymes. Ask learners to select one and explore it away from the instrument by:
- singing the melody
- drawing the melodic contour in the air
- clapping the rhythm
Next, ask learners to work out separate phrases by ear on their instrument, gradually building up the complete tune.
Ask learners to play the complete tune expressively to others.
As an extension activity, ask learners to teach the tune to other learners.