Using notation, ask learners to work out the rhythm of phrases in their heads, then clap it.
Using notation, help learners to trace the contour of phrases, then compare it with the actual sound when played.
Ask learners to clap/hum/sing/say simple phrases at sight.
Music examples for all these activities can easily be created with online notation tools, such as Flat or Noteflight.
Using notation, perform pieces with some deliberate mistakes or deviations inserted. Ask learners to identify the differences.
This activity can be adapted to an aural one only, by asking learners to memorise the main melody and then asking them to identify any deviations.
Music from all parts of the world is appropriate for these activities.
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