P5 - B3


  • Maintain an appropriate and functional embouchure, suitable for the particular instrument:
    • developing stamina and flexibility over an increasing range and duration
  • Recognise and correct faults independently

Encourage learners to maintain a functional embouchure by continuing to use long notes in

Scales and arpeggios can be used to establish consistency and flexibility of embouchure. Try starting on a tonic other than the lowest.

Maintaining an even sound throughout, ask learners to play pieces incorporating:

  • large intervals
  • a wide range of notes, working towards the complete compass of the instrument

Use octave/harmonic exercises to develop lip flexibility/security.

Encourage learners to experiment with changing dynamics on long notes.

An electronic tuner may be useful.

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